Introduction to Web Development

As a web developer, you are the backbone of the internet. You are responsible for making the websites people visit work every day. But what does that mean, and what does a web developer do?

In short, a web developer is someone who writes code to create websites. They use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other programming languages to make everything on a website function—from the text and images to the buttons and menus. They also develop the back-end systems that make websites work the way they do.

website development

Web development is a complex and varied field, with different developers specializing in different areas. But in general, there are three main types of a web developers: front-end developers, back-end developers, and full-stack developers.

What Is a Web Developer?

There are three main types of web developers: back-end, front-end, and full-stack. Each type does different things, and it’s important to know which one you want to be before you start learning how to code.

Back-end web developers are responsible for the functionality of a website. They write code that makes sure the website works properly and handles all the incoming data. They’re also in charge of making sure that the website’s databases are running correctly.

Front-end web developers are responsible for the look and feel of a website. They design the layout, style, and user interface using design software like Photoshop and Illustrator. They also write code that makes everything look pretty on the screen.

Full-stack web developers are responsible for both the back-end and front-end of a website. They know how to write code for both, which gives them more control over the overall look and feel of a website. This is a more advanced skill, so learning everything you need to know may take some time.

Types of Web Developers

Now that you know the difference between web design and web development, it’s important to know the different types of developers. Here are three of them:

Front-end developers: These developers create the visuals and user interface for websites. They use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to design everything from the layout and typography to the buttons and animations.

Back-end developers: Back-end developers focus on the functionality of websites. They write code in languages like PHP, Ruby on Rails, and Node.js to make sure that websites work properly and that user data is stored and accessed correctly. Full-stack developers: As the name suggests, full-stack developers are experts in both front-end and back-end development. This makes them an invaluable asset for companies that want to build a website but need more time or resources to do so themselves.

The Roles of a Front-End Web Developer

You may also have heard of a “front-end web developer”. This type of developer primarily works on the front end of a website or web application—the side that the user interacts with directly. They are usually responsible for creating the user interface and interface logic using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming languages.

Front-End developers are typically involved in UX/UI design as well, which requires them to combine their knowledge of programming and design in order to create an impressive user experience. Front-end web developers are also usually tasked with ensuring cross-compatibility with different web browsers and ensuring effective performance across devices. The goal is to ensure that users have a seamless experience regardless of the device or browser that they’re using.

The Roles of a Back-End Web Developer

As a back-end web developer, you are responsible for coding the servers, databases, APIs, and other technologies that power the website from the back end. You have to make sure that all these technologies work together properly and efficiently. Your primary focus is on creating web applications and frameworks that run on the server side. You’ll also be creating algorithms and coding data storage solutions such as databases or cloud-based services.

Your job is to ensure that the website runs like clockwork, quickly loading pages or performing related tasks without any hitches. You have to be able to work with languages like JavaScript, CSS, HTML5, and various server-side programming languages such as Python, PHP and Ruby.

The Roles of Full-Stack Web Developers

Full-stack web developers are contractors, consultants, and freelancers who create websites and applications using front-end development, back-end development, and database administration. They also specialize in a variety of other fields, such as content management systems (e.g., WordPress), working with server scripting languages (e.g., PHP), networking protocols (e.g., TCP/IP), or even developing mobile apps.

Full-stack developers have to have a good understanding of all these different layers. They need to be able to understand the design elements, user experience, and visuals of a website while simultaneously having the skills necessary to develop the underlying code using languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and more complex programming languages for the backend code such as PHP or Python.

Having strong problem-solving skills is also essential for full-stack web developers as they may encounter difficult challenges when coding or dealing with server problems which require them to think outside the box and come up with innovative solutions in order to solve complex problems.


So, now that you know the different types of web developers, what do they do?

Front-End Developers:

Front-end developers are responsible for the look and feel of the website. They use design software to create the website’s layout and then write code to make it functional. They work with graphics, fonts, and photos to create a visually appealing website.

Back-End Developers:

Back-end developers are responsible for the website’s functionality. They write code to create the website’s back-end, which includes the databases and the server-side scripts. They make sure the website works properly and that all the links are functional.

Full-Stack Developers:

Full-stack developers are responsible for both the front-end and back-end of the website. They write code to create the website’s layout and back end, and they make sure the website is functional and works properly.